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🎬🎥 Happy Kubrick Day! Stanley Kubrick is frequently cited as one of the greatest and most influential directors in cinematic history. Raised in the Bronx, New York City, he attended William Howard Taft High School from 1941-45. Although he only received average grades, Kubrick displayed a keen interest in literature, photography, and film from a young age, and taught himself all aspects of film production and directing after graduating from high school. After working as a photographer for Look magazine in the late 1940s and early 1950s, he began making short films on a shoestring budget, and made his first major Hollywood film, The Killing, for United Artists in 1956. This was followed by two collaborations with Kirk Douglas, the war picture Paths of Glory (57) and the historical epic Spartacus (60). His reputation as a filmmaker in Hollywood grew, and he was approached by Marlon Brando to film what would become One-Eyed Jacks (61), though Brando eventually decided to direct it himself.
A demanding perfectionist, Kubrick assumed control over most aspects of the filmmakingprocess, from direction and writing to editing, and took painstaking care with researching his films and staging scenes, working in close coordination with his actors and other collaborators. The scientific realism and innovative special effects of 2001: A Space Odyssey (68) were without precedent in the history of cinema, and the film earned him his only personal Oscar, for Best Visual Effects. Steven Spielberg has referred to the film as his generation's "big bang", and it is regarded as one of the greatest films ever made. For the 18th-century period film Barry Lyndon (75), Kubrick obtained lenses developed by Zeiss for NASA, to film scenes under natural candlelight. While many of Kubrick's films were controversial and initially
received mixed reviews upon release—particularly A Clockwork Orange(71), which Kubrick pulled from circulation in the UK following a mass media frenzy—most were nominated for Oscars, Golden Globes, or BAFTA Awards, and underwent critical reevaluations. His last film, Eyes Wide Shut, was completed shortly before his death in 1999 at the age of 70. #kubrickday